"Rhabdocidaris nobilis" sea urchin found near Kraków, dating back to the the Mesozoic era – Upper Jurassic period.

”’Rhabdocidaris nobilis’ sea urchin is an extinct species of a regular echinoid which was one of the free-living sea echinoderms. Its name derives from the Greek words echinos – ‘hedgehog’ and eidos – ‘figure.’

The body of this animal was fitted into a subcutaneous carapace made of plates, usually joined with sutures covered with calcareous, movably mounted thorns. Due to their appearance, sea urchins can be divided into regular urchins of radial symmetry, and irregular ones of bilateral symmetry.

Regular sea urchins are animals of a spherical, mainly flattened carapace outline, covered with long and rare thorns. Irregular sea urchins, on the other hand, are distinguished by a heart-shaped or disk-like carapace which is often elongated and covered with short thorns.

In the case of recovered specimens, they usually retain both their carapaces and thorns. They are seldom found together.” (source)

Cześć Pracy - Photography of Tomasz Tomaszewski pt. 1 (pt. 2)

"The collection of presented photographs was created between March and August of 2009.  My intention was to honor people who did hard, physical work.  The laborers. 

I chose Górny Śląsk (Upper Silesia) where the ethos of work, traditions, and rituals connected to them seemed most alive to me; visible and colorful.  Poland is changing rapidly, and the events and places shown in my photographs have already become history.  So it is, in some sense, a tale of Górny Śląsk.  Today.” (source)

Cassocks and coat belonging to Pope John Paul II (Karol Wojtyła).  Wojtyła was ordained as a priest of the Roman Catholic Church on November 1st, 1946.  The black cassock belongs to the period of Wojtyła’s priesthood.  The red cassock and the overlaying surplice were worn by Karol Wojtyła during his time as cardinal, which began on June 26th, 1967.  Previously, Wojtyła served as the Auxiliary Bishop of Kraków from July 4th, 1958 and Archbishop of Kraków from January 13th, 1964.  During this period Wojtyła wore the traditional purple colored vestments.  In October of 1978 Karol Wojtyła became the 264th pope, first non-Italian pope in 455 years, and the first Polish pope in history.  His papacy ended upon his death on April 2nd, 2005. (source)                                                                                                                                   

Images: [x][x][x][x]

Kot w pustym mieszkaniu - Cat in an empty apartment (English version)
Umrzeć - tego się nie robi kotu. Bo co ma począć kot w pustym mieszkaniu. Wdrapywać się na ściany. Ocierać między meblami. Nic niby tu nie zmienione, a jednak pozamieniane. Niby nie przesunięte, a jednak porozsuwane. I wieczorami lampa już nie świeci.
Słychać kroki na schodach, ale to nie te. Ręka, co kładzie rybę na talerzyk, także nie ta, co kładła.
Coś sie tu nie zaczyna w swojej zwykłej porze. Coś się tu nie odbywa jak powinno. Ktoś tutaj był i był, a potem nagle zniknął i uporczywie go nie ma.
Do wszystkich szaf sie zajrzało. Przez półki przebiegło. Wcisnęło się pod dywan i sprawdziło. Nawet złamało zakaz i rozrzuciło papiery. Co więcej jest do zrobienia. Spać i czekać.
Niech no on tylko wróci, niech no się pokaże. Już on się dowie, że tak z kotem nie można. Będzie się szło w jego stronę jakby się wcale nie chciało, pomalutku, na bardzo obrażonych łapach. I żadnych skoków pisków na początek.
— Wisława Szymborska
Image

Kot w pustym mieszkaniu - Cat in an empty apartment (English version)

Umrzeć - tego się nie robi kotu.
Bo co ma począć kot
w pustym mieszkaniu.
Wdrapywać się na ściany.
Ocierać między meblami.
Nic niby tu nie zmienione,
a jednak pozamieniane.
Niby nie przesunięte,
a jednak porozsuwane.
I wieczorami lampa już nie świeci.

Słychać kroki na schodach,
ale to nie te.
Ręka, co kładzie rybę na talerzyk,
także nie ta, co kładła.

Coś sie tu nie zaczyna
w swojej zwykłej porze.
Coś się tu nie odbywa
jak powinno.
Ktoś tutaj był i był,
a potem nagle zniknął
i uporczywie go nie ma.

Do wszystkich szaf sie zajrzało.
Przez półki przebiegło.
Wcisnęło się pod dywan i sprawdziło.
Nawet złamało zakaz
i rozrzuciło papiery.
Co więcej jest do zrobienia.
Spać i czekać.

Niech no on tylko wróci,
niech no się pokaże.
Już on się dowie,
że tak z kotem nie można.
Będzie się szło w jego stronę
jakby się wcale nie chciało,
pomalutku,
na bardzo obrażonych łapach.
I żadnych skoków pisków na początek.

— Wisława Szymborska

Image

Photograph: “Portrait of Two Boys” by Ignacy Krieger, 1875–1880

"The photograph shows two boys in Kraków costumes. The photo is exceptional since it presents genuine Kraków costumes from the 1860–1880 period. On the left you can see a boy turned ¾ to the left. He is wearing a light russet coat and a Kraków four-cornered hat and is holding an Easter palm in his right hand propped against the ground. The other boy, taller and clad in a similar russet coat and a hat with feathers, is standing behind the boy with his hand on his shoulder. Both of them are wearing high boots, the boys have their hands in their coat pockets. The right lower side of the picture features an inscription reading ‘123,’ probably the number of the photography portrait series with scenes featuring Kraków costumes.” Read More

Osa M50 scooter, 1961

"The Osa M50 and M52 scooters are the only Polish mopeds designed for batch production.

Works on the design and production of the Polish scooter started in the Progress and Sports Department of the Warsaw Motorcycle Factory (WFM — Warszawska Fabryka Motocykli) by engineers Krzysztof Brun, Jerzy Jankowski and Tadeusz Mathia in 1951. 

From the group of discussed designs based on already manufactured elements of motorcycles that were produced in Poland, the OSA model was eventually selected. Unlike other proposals (and scooters from Western European countries), it had better suspension and larger wheels with a diameter of 14 inches. The size of the wheels was important because, even though Polish roads were getting better and better, they were still unsatisfactory. Larger wheels allowed the rider to cope with inclinations and holes in the road without damaging the vehicle and risking the rider’s health.

Although the communist rulers of Poland were initially against the production of such vehicles, considering them an unnecessary luxury and ‘a gadget of jaded capitalists’, thanks to the press and the successes of Polish sport riders of WFM, the production of the OSA was successfully launched in 1959.

However, there were problems with a lack of supplies, typical for communist Poland. There were not enough pipes for the frame and telescope construction and the pressed steel sheets had to be brought to Warsaw from the Łabędy Steelworks in Gliwice.

Initially, all scooters were beige. It is difficult to say whether it was the idea of the designers or the result of the above-mentioned problems with supplies. Later, other colours were introduced; however, the best ones were produced for export purposes only.

Although they were not very cheap, Polish scooters rapidly became a very desirable and popular item. Even though the scooter was small, the size was not a problem for its users and fans. On the contrary, it was sometimes described as an advantage! The following is an excerpt on how journalist Marek Wachowski described the Osa in the Motor weekly magazine:

'Dear Reader, if your sweetheart sits on your Osa, there will really be little space left for you. And even then you will have to hold onto her tightly, otherwise she will fall off! So, the short seat also has its advantages…'” (source)

Polish Vintage Film Posters pt. 4 (pt. 1, pt. 2, pt. 3)

Rosemary’s Baby, Artist: Andrzej Pagowski
Year: 1984

The Birds, Artist: Bronislaw Zelek
Year: 1965

Vertigo, Artist: Roman Cieslewicz
Year: 1963

Wall Street, Artist: Andrzej Pagowski
Year: 1988

War Games, Artist: Mieczyslaw Wasilewski
Year: 1985

Taxi Driver, Artist: Andrzej Klimowski
Year: 1978

The Untouchables, Artist: Mieczyslaw Wasilewski
Year: 1987

Paper Moon, Artist: Jerzy Flisak
Year: 1975

Fatal Attraction, Artist: Maciej Kalkus
Year: 1988

The Terminator, Artist: Jakub Erol
Year: 1987

Images

Examples of Polish regional costumes:

Woman’s bodice (back) from Cieszyn, Poland

Woman’s apron from Kraków region, Poland

Woman’s kerchief (detail) from Bojków, Poland

Woman’s apron from Górny Śląsk (Upper Silesia), Poland

Woman’s vest (back) from Kraków, Poland

Woman’s Apron from Łowicz, Poland

Images

See more traditional costumes at Polish Folk Costumes.

Polish Vintage Film Posters pt. 3 (pt. 1, pt. 2)

Tootsie, Artist: Wieslaw Walkuski
Year: 1984

Dances with Wolves, Artist: Andrzej Pagowski
Year: 1991

Cleopatra, Artist: Eryk Lipinski
Year: 1968

The Return of the Pink Panther, Artist: Edward Lutczyn
Year: 1977

Star Wars, Artist: Jakub Erol
Year: 1978

The Empire Strikes Back, Artist: Miroslaw Lakomski
Year: 1983

Return of the Jedi, Artist: Witold Dybowski
Year: 1984

2001: A Space Odyssey, Artist: Wiktor Gorka
Year: 1973

Working Girl, Artist: Andrzej Pagowski
Year: 1990

Weekend at Bernie’s, Artist: Jakub Erol
Year: 1990

Images